Reaction: biotin synthase List of reactions

Reaction name: biotin synthase Reaction type: cognate
EC number: Kegg ID:R01078 Rhea ID:22063
Directionality: reversible Curation status: valid Classification: public
Description:The enzyme binds a [4Fe-4S] and a [2Fe-2S] cluster. In every reaction cycle, the enzyme consumes two molecules of AdoMet, each producing 5'-deoxyadenosine and a putative dethiobiotinyl carbon radical. Reaction with another equivalent of AdoMet results in abstraction of the C6 methylene pro-S hydrogen atom from 9-mercaptodethiobiotin, and the resulting carbon radical is quenched via formation of an intramolecular C-S bond, thus closing the biotin thiophane ring. The sulfur donor is believed to be the [2Fe-2S] cluster, which is sacrificed in the process, so that in vitro the reaction is a single turnover. In vivo, the [2Fe-2S] cluster can be reassembled by the Isc or Suf iron-sulfur cluster assembly systems, to allow further catalysis.
Curator notes:
ID Type Compound ID Name Stoichiometry Curator notes
chebi 29917 thiol group 1 Generic sulfur group carrier
chebi 59789 S-adenosyl-L-methionine zwitterion 2
chebi 57861 dethiobiotin(1-) 1
chebi 33738 di-mu-sulfido-diiron(1+) 2 reduced [2Fe-2S]-[ferredoxin]
ID Type Compound ID Name Stoichiometry Curator notes
chebi 64428 H group 1
chebi 17319 5'-deoxyadenosine 2
chebi 57844 L-methionine zwitterion 2
chebi 57586 biotinate 1
chebi 33737 di-mu-sulfido-diiron(2+) 2 oxidized [2Fe-2S]-[ferredoxin]

Reaction

biotin synthase

+ 2 + + 2 + 2 + 2 + + 2
thiol group
29917
S-adenosyl-L-methionine zwitterion
59789
dethiobiotin(1-)
57861
di-mu-sulfido-diiron(1+)
33738
H group
64428
5'-deoxyadenosine
17319
L-methionine zwitterion
57844
biotinate
57586
di-mu-sulfido-diiron(2+)
33737

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